MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT PDF Print E-mail

Authored by MCN Neurologists

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a relatively new term used to describe mild symptoms of decreased mental function. Memory and language difficulties, the most common complaints, are milder than the symptoms of dementia, and may affect as much as 20% of the population over 70 years old.  Those diagnosed with MCI have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer type dementia (ATD), but not everyone diagnosed with MCI will progress to dementia.

WHAT TO EXPECT DURING YOUR CONSULTATION

Your doctor will take a careful history and perform a neurological examination. Complementary blood tests and/or brain wave tests or brain scans (CT or MRI) may be requested. These are to detect the many factors that can interfere with cognitive functioning. Bringing a complete list of your medication to your appointment will be helpful, as is bringing a person close to you, such as your spouse, a relative or a friend, who may assist with your history.

WHAT TREATMENT TO EXPECT

There is no FDA-approved treatment for MCI; however there is some evidence that some of the medications used for the treatment of Alzheimer type dementia may have a benefit, if transient, on the course of MCI. Research is ongoing in this area and your doctor will discuss your options with you.

WHAT YOU CAN DO TO KEEP YOUR BRAIN HEALTHY

This has been an active and sometimes controversial area of research; however studies have suggested that the following lifestyle factors have a positive effect on cognition:

Exercise/Physical activity:  A 20 to 30 minute walk a day is a good start.
Mental activity:  Socialize; stay active in organizations, work part-time or volunteer
Healthy diet:  Rich in vegetables, legumes, fruit, blueberries and fish.
Work with your physician on controlling hypertension and diabetes.
The role of supplements is uncertain, and no strong recommendation has emerged.  Vitamin E and ginko biloba have not proven themselves helpful in this case.


For further information about Mild Cognitive Impairment, click on the following links:

www.alz.org (Alzheimer’s Association)
www.ninds.nih.gov  (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)


January 1, 2010

© 2013 Minneapolis Clinic of Neurology, Ltd.®  All rights reserved.  A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only.

 
Clinic Locations

GOLDEN VALLEY / MAIN OFFICE
4225 Golden Valley Road, Golden Valley, MN 55422
(763) 588-0661

BURNSVILLE
Oak Ridge East Professional Building
675 E. Nicollet Boulevard, Suite 100, Burnsville, MN 55337
(952) 435-8516 (Neurology services)
(952) 898-5000 (Rehab services)

COON RAPIDS
3833 Coon Rapids Blvd., Suite 100, Coon Rapids, MN 55433
(763) 427-8320

EDINA
Southdale Place
3400 West 66th St, Suite 150, Edina, MN 55435
(952) 920-7200 (Neurology services)
(952) 920-8088 (Rehab services)

MAPLE GROVE
North Memorial Medical Office
9825 Hospital Drive, Suite 103, Maple Grove, MN 55369
(763) 302-4114

OUTREACH LOCATIONS
Twin Cities Metro, Greater Minnesota & Western Wisconsin

 

 

The Minneapolis Clinic of Neurology website contains general information only.
Please consult your neurologist for information specific to your circumstance.